U.S. population growth 2000-2007
The U.S. population passed the 300 million mark in 2007 according to U.S. Census estimates. The fastest growing regions are the Rockies, the southeast Atlantic states, Texas and various medium to small sized cities in the Pacific coast states. The states stretching from the midwest to the northeast, on the other hand are growing more slowly.
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Population growth dominated by minorities
The U.S. minority population now contributes 86% of the population increase in the country. The hispanic minority, the nation's largest is growing at 3.7% per year, and now contributes half of the population growth in the country. the black minority, the second largest, is increasing at 2.5%, and there has been an increasing trend of black migration into the south in recent years. The Asian minority is growing at 3.2% per year with its largest nucleus being in California.
In contrast, the white (nonhispanic) population is only increasing at 0.3% per year, which is a marked decrease from recent decades. White baby boomers are now moving into their 50s and 60s and average white family size has been steadily decreasing. Although it is increasing slowly, the white population is beginning to parallel the pattern of population growth in European countries, some of which are approaching a zero growth rate.
- Florida had an overall ranking of #7 in population growth from 2000-2007, but in the one-year period 2006-2007 it plunged to #19 due to the crash of its housing market. The state has been battered by hurricanes, which has resulted in a quadrupling of homeowner's insurance and higher property taxes in many cases. The result has been a dramatic decrease in the number of people moving to the state and a lot of people leaving the state looking for a more affordable place to live.
- #1 Nevada and #2 Arizona in the torrid desert southwest have been jockeying back and forth for the top spot during the last couple of years. Both of these states have strong job creation and job markets. They are picking up a lot of immigration from other states, particularly from California. Legal and illegal immigration from Mexico and Latin America is fueling the population increase in their burgeoning hispanic populations. .
- #3 Utah, #5 Idaho and #8 Colorado are three Rocky Mountain states that are not in the sunbelt, but their appeal is in their outdoorsy lifestyle. They each have a high birth rate and a recent surge in migration from other states which has coincided with the slow-down in California and Florida.
- #4 Georgia, #9 North Carolina and #11 South Carolina are three states that are surging ahead of Florida in the east. Their African-american populations are considerably larger than their hispanic populations. In recent years they have become attractive to job hunters and retirees looking for a low-cost alternative to Florida.
- #6 Texas has a moderate cost of living and solid job creation. It continues to draw large numbers of job hunters from other states and immigrants from abroad, particularly Mexico and Central America. Two thirds of its growth comes from its hispanic population.
- #10 Delaware is a small state with a reasonable cost of living, which is exactly the thing which has drawn a steady stream of immigrants from surrounding states in recent years. Its minority populations are growing and many retirees are moving into the state.
- California is at #18 on the list. A significant number of people are still moving here from foreign countries, But even more people are leaving California's high cost of living behind and heading for other states.
- #51 Louisiana lost a quarter of a million residents after being hit by Hurricane Katrina. Several thousand former residents of New Orleans returned in 2006 and 2007 to try to pick up the pieces.
U.S. population change 2000-2007
|State||Percent change||Census 2000||2007 estimate||Change|
|District of Columbia||2.84||572059||588292||16233|